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윤원장의치아이야기

연세가인치과 감염관리

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작성자 최고관리자 작성일16-03-15 11:27 조회2,832회 댓글1건

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감염성 질환 

 

 

 

감염성 질환은 바이러스, 세균, 곰팡이, 기생충 등의 병원체가 체내에 침입하여 발생하는 질병으로

 

 

대표적으로 독감, 결핵, A, B, C형 간염 등이 있습니다.

 

 

 

감염경로로는 혈액에 의한 직접적 감염, 공기에 의한 감염, 타액에 의한 감염 등이 있고,

 

각 질환의 특성에 따라 감염 경로가 다릅니다.

 

 

 

최근 문제가 되고 있는 C형 간염의 경우 바이러스성 질환으로

 

 

 혈액에 의한 직접적 감염과, 타액을 통한 감염이 있을 수 있습니다.

 

C형 간염 환자의 70% 정도는 만성 간염, 30~40%는 간경화나 간암으로 진행되기도 합니다.

 

 

 

바이러스성 질환이기 때문에 수혈이나 혈액을 이용한 의약품, 오염된 주사기로 감염될 수 있습니다.

 

 

드물기는 하지만 손톱깍이, 면도기, 칫솔, 술잔 등을 돌려쓰는 과정에서도 감염될 수 있다고 합니다.

 

 

 

 

 

치과에서 감염관리의 핵심적인 부분은 기구들의 소독과 1회용 사용입니다.

 

 

가장 빈번하게 쓰이는 치과 마취 주사는 체내로 직접 자입되는 기구로 엄격하게 관리되어야겠습니다.

 

 

1회용 사용을 원칙으로 하여야하고, 약품의 보관 상태, 보관 기간을 엄수해야 합니다.

 

 

 

c65471c5ed1fb302ba3df2ca23466e42_1458007 

1회용 주사 니들과 앰퓰(연세가인치과)

 

 

 

치과 치료를 위해서는 마취는 꼭 필요한 과정이므로 철저한 관리를 요합니다.

 

 

그 외에 수술시 필요한 멸균 생리 식염수를 사용하기 위한 주사기가 있습니다.

 

이 주사기는 필요에 따라 조직 내로 자입하여 소독을 위해 사용하므로 잘 소독되고 1회용 사용을 해야 합니다.

 

 

c65471c5ed1fb302ba3df2ca23466e42_1458007
다양한 용량의 1회용 주사기 사용

 

 

 

치과에서 가장 많이 사용하는 스케일링에 쓰이는 스케일러 팁도 개별 포장 및 멸균 소독이 필수 입니다.

 

c65471c5ed1fb302ba3df2ca23466e42_1458008 

멸균 소독된 스케일러 팁

 

 

c65471c5ed1fb302ba3df2ca23466e42_1458010 

멸균소독된 기본 검진기구

 

 

c65471c5ed1fb302ba3df2ca23466e42_1458010

멸균소독된 수술 기구 

 

치과에서 가장 많이 쓰는 핸드피스, 하이스피드, 로우스피드도 전용 소독기를 이용하여 소독합니다.

 

 

 c65471c5ed1fb302ba3df2ca23466e42_1458011 

핸드피스 전용 멸균소독기 니트람 시스템

 

 


 

 

 

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